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Gujarat Top 10 Largest Cities by Population

Gujarat Top 10 Largest Cities by Population

 1. Ahmedabad: With a population of over 7.8 million (as of 2021), Ahmedabad is the largest city in Gujarat and the seventh-largest city in India. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, historical landmarks, vibrant festivals, and a booming textile industry. Ahmedabad is also an important economic and industrial center.

  • Here are some key points about Ahmedabad:
  • Historical Significance: Ahmedabad was founded by Sultan Ahmed Shah in the year 1411. It served as the capital of Gujarat Sultanate and later became an important center of trade and commerce during the Mughal period.
  • Sabarmati River: The city is situated on the banks of the Sabarmati River, which divides it into two parts – the old city on the eastern bank and the newer areas on the western bank.
  • Sabarmati Ashram: One of the most prominent attractions in Ahmedabad is the Sabarmati Ashram, also known as Gandhi Ashram. It was the residence of Mahatma Gandhi during the freedom struggle and played a significant role in India’s fight for independence.
  • Textile Industry: Ahmedabad has been a major hub for the textile industry. It is known for its textile mills and is often referred to as the “Manchester of the East.” The city has a strong tradition of textile craftsmanship and handloom weaving.
  • Vibrant Culture: Ahmedabad is known for its colorful festivals, including Navratri, Uttarayan (Kite Festival), and Diwali. The city comes alive during these celebrations with music, dance, and traditional festivities.
  • Architectural Marvels: The city boasts several architectural wonders, both ancient and modern. The Jama Masjid, Sidi Saiyyed Mosque, Bhadra Fort, and Adalaj Stepwell are some of the notable historical structures in Ahmedabad. The city is also home to modern architectural marvels like the IIM Ahmedabad and the Calico Museum of Textiles.
  • Food and Cuisine: Ahmedabad is famous for its delectable street food. From mouth-watering snacks like fafda, dhokla, and khaman to sweet delicacies like jalebi and Gujarati thali, the city offers a wide range of culinary delights.
  • Education and Research: Ahmedabad is a prominent educational hub in Gujarat. It houses prestigious institutions like the Indian Institute of Management (IIM), National Institute of Design (NID), and Ahmedabad University. The city is known for its focus on education and research.
  • Economic Growth: Ahmedabad has witnessed significant economic growth in recent years. It is a thriving industrial and commercial center, with diverse industries including textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and automobile manufacturing.
  • Infrastructure: The city has seen rapid development in terms of infrastructure, with modern amenities, well-connected roads, and an expanding metro network. The Sabarmati Riverfront Development Project is a prominent example of urban rejuvenation in Ahmedabad.
  • Ahmedabad is a city that beautifully combines its rich cultural heritage with modernity, making it a vibrant and dynamic place to visit or live in.

2. Surat: Surat is the second-largest city in Gujarat, with a population of over 7.2 million (as of 2021). It is located on the banks of the Tapi River in southern Gujarat and is renowned as a major economic and commercial hub.It is renowned as a major center for diamond cutting and polishing, textile manufacturing, and trade. Surat is also known for its bustling markets, street food, and cultural diversity.

  • Here are some key points about Surat:
  • Diamond and Textile Industry: Surat is globally recognized as the world’s largest diamond cutting and polishing center. It contributes significantly to the global diamond trade. The city is also known for its thriving textile industry, particularly in the production of synthetic textiles, including sarees, dress materials, and fabrics.
  • Trade and Commerce: Surat has a long history as a major trading port and continues to be an important center for trade and commerce. It is known for its wholesale markets, including the famous Surat Diamond Bourse and the Textile Market, attracting traders and businessmen from all over the world.
  • Surat Municipal Corporation: The Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC) is responsible for the administration and development of the city. It has been recognized for its efficient urban planning and governance, making Surat one of the cleanest and well-maintained cities in India.
  • Cultural Diversity: Surat is known for its cultural diversity and a vibrant mix of communities. People from various regions of India and abroad have settled in the city, contributing to its multicultural atmosphere. The city celebrates festivals like Navratri, Diwali, and Eid with great enthusiasm.
  • Food and Cuisine: Surat is a haven for food lovers, especially those with a sweet tooth. It is famous for its street food, including local delicacies like Locho, Surti Undhiyu, Khaman, and Ghari (a sweet pastry). The city is also known for its traditional Surti cuisine, which offers a variety of vegetarian dishes.
  • Educational Institutions: Surat is home to several renowned educational institutions, including the Veer Narmad South Gujarat University and Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology (SVNIT). The city has a strong emphasis on education and has witnessed significant growth in the field of higher education.
  • Diamond Research and Mercantile City (DREAM City): Surat is developing the Diamond Research and Mercantile City, also known as DREAM City, which aims to create a world-class infrastructure for the diamond industry. It is expected to provide a boost to the diamond trade and attract more international business to Surat.
  • Surat’s economic growth, vibrant culture, and entrepreneurial spirit have contributed to its emergence as one of the fastest-growing cities in India. It offers a blend of modernity and traditional charm, making it an important destination for business, trade, and tourism.

3. Vadodara: Vadodara, also known as Baroda, is the third-largest city in Gujarat, with a population of over 2.3 million. It is an industrial and educational hub known for its architectural landmarks, such as the Laxmi Vilas Palace, and institutions like the Maharaja Sayajirao University.

  • Here are some key points about Vadodara:
  • Cultural Heritage: Vadodara has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its historical monuments and architectural marvels. The city is home to the grand Laxmi Vilas Palace, which is four times the size of Buckingham Palace and was the residence of the Gaekwad dynasty, the former rulers of the region. The palace showcases a blend of Indian and European architectural styles.
  • Maharaja Sayajirao University: Vadodara is renowned for the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, one of the premier educational institutions in Gujarat. It offers a wide range of academic programs and has contributed significantly to the intellectual and cultural development of the city.
  • Industries and Economy: Vadodara is an important industrial hub in Gujarat. It is home to various industries, including petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, engineering, and plastics. The city houses several large-scale industrial units and has contributed to Gujarat’s economic growth.
  • Festivals and Cultural Events: Vadodara is known for its vibrant cultural scene and hosts numerous festivals and events throughout the year. The Navratri festival, celebrated with great enthusiasm and traditional Garba dances, is a major highlight. Other festivals like Diwali, Holi, and Ganesh Chaturthi are also celebrated with fervor.
  • Museums and Art Galleries: The city boasts several museums and art galleries that showcase its rich heritage and art. The Maharaja Fateh Singh Museum, Vadodara Museum and Picture Gallery, and the Kirti Mandir Museum are notable attractions that display various artifacts, paintings, and sculptures.
  • Gardens and Parks: Vadodara is known for its well-maintained gardens and parks. The Sayaji Baug (also known as Kamati Baug) is a sprawling garden complex that houses a zoo, a planetarium, and various attractions. The Ajwa Water Park and the Sardar Patel Planetarium are popular recreational spots for residents and tourists.
  • Food and Cuisine: Vadodara offers a diverse culinary experience. It is known for its street food, traditional Gujarati thalis, and fusion cuisine. The city is also famous for its snacks like fafda, khaman, and sev usal, which are widely enjoyed by locals and visitors.
  • Vadodara combines historical grandeur, educational excellence, industrial growth, and a vibrant cultural scene. It offers a mix of traditional values and modern development, making it a city of cultural significance and economic importance in Gujarat.

4. Rajkot: Rajkot is the fourth-largest city in Gujarat, with a population of over 1.7 million. It is a major commercial and industrial center, particularly for the engineering and auto parts industries. Rajkot is also famous as the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi.

  • Here are some key points about Rajkot:
  • Historical Significance: Rajkot has a rich historical background and was the capital of the former princely state of Saurashtra. The city has witnessed the rule of various dynasties, including the Jadeja Rajputs. It is also famous as the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation.
  • Economic Hub: Rajkot is an important commercial and industrial center in Gujarat. It has a thriving economy driven by sectors such as engineering, auto parts manufacturing, jewelry, textiles, and agriculture. The city is known for its small and medium-scale industries and contributes significantly to the state’s economy.
  • Educational Institutions: Rajkot is home to several educational institutions that provide quality education in various fields. Rajkot boasts universities, colleges, and schools that offer a wide range of academic programs. The city also has engineering and medical colleges that attract students from different parts of the country.
  • Gandhi Heritage: Being the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi, Rajkot is known for its association with the life and principles of the iconic leader. The Kaba Gandhi No Delo, the ancestral house of Mahatma Gandhi, has been converted into a museum and serves as a significant landmark for visitors.
  • Vibrant Culture: Rajkot celebrates its vibrant culture through various festivals and events. The city hosts Navratri celebrations with colorful Garba and Dandiya Raas performances, reflecting the enthusiasm of the local community. Other festivals like Diwali, Holi, and Janmashtami are also celebrated with great fervor.
  • Lakes and Gardens: Rajkot is adorned with beautiful lakes and well-maintained gardens. The Aji Dam, Nyari Dam, and Lalpari Lake are popular spots for locals and tourists to relax and enjoy the serene surroundings. The Watson Museum and Library is also located in a scenic garden setting.
  • Rajkot Municipal Corporation: The Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC) is responsible for the administration and development of the city. RMC focuses on infrastructure development, waste management, and maintaining cleanliness in the city.
  • Rajkot’s historical significance, industrial growth, educational institutions, and cultural heritage make it an important city in Gujarat. It showcases a blend of traditional values and modern progress, contributing to the overall development of the state.

5. Bhavnagar: Bhavnagar is the fifth-largest city in Gujarat, with a population of over 700,000. Situated on the Gulf of Khambhat, it is a port city known for its maritime trade, shipbuilding industry, and historical attractions like the Takhteshwar Temple.

  • Here are some key points about Bhavnagar:
  • Maritime Heritage: Bhavnagar has a rich maritime heritage due to its strategic location on the Gulf of Khambhat. It has been an important port city for centuries, involved in maritime trade and shipbuilding. The city’s port continues to handle cargo and trade activities.
  • Takhteshwar Temple: The Takhteshwar Temple is a prominent landmark in Bhavnagar. Situated on a small hill, it offers a panoramic view of the city and the Gulf of Khambhat. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is a popular pilgrimage site for locals and visitors.
  • Gaurishankar Lake: Bhavnagar is home to Gaurishankar Lake, a picturesque water body located in the heart of the city. The lake provides a serene environment and attracts tourists and locals for recreational activities like boating and picnicking.
  • Bhavnagar Lock Gate: The Bhavnagar Lock Gate is a unique engineering marvel and a major attraction in the city. It regulates the flow of seawater into the Bhavnagar port, allowing ships to enter and exit while preventing siltation.
  • Alang Shipbreaking Yard: Bhavnagar is famous for housing the Alang Shipbreaking Yard, one of the largest ship-breaking yards in the world. Ships from around the globe are dismantled and recycled here, making it a significant hub for the shipbreaking industry.
  • Bhavnagar University: Bhavnagar is home to Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, which offers a wide range of academic programs. The university plays a crucial role in providing higher education opportunities to students in the region.
  • Jain Temples: Bhavnagar has several beautiful Jain temples that showcase exquisite architecture and intricate artwork. The Nilambag Palace Jain Temple and the Nishkalank Mahadev Jain Temple are notable religious sites in the city.
  • Sihor: Sihor, a town located near Bhavnagar, holds historical significance. It was the capital of the former Bhavnagar State before it shifted to Bhavnagar city. Sihor is known for its ancient temples, including the Kala Ghoda Temple and the Vrajrajeshwari Temple.
  • Bhavnagar’s maritime heritage, cultural landmarks, and industrial importance make it a unique city in Gujarat. The city’s connection to trade and shipbreaking, along with its religious and natural attractions, contribute to its overall charm and appeal.

6. Jamnagar: Jamnagar, with a population of over 700,000, is the sixth-largest city in Gujarat. It is renowned for being the location of the world’s largest oil refinery complex, operated by Reliance Industries. Jamnagar also boasts historical sites like the Lakhota Fort and marine biodiversity in the Marine National Park.

  • Here are some key points about Jamnagar:
  • Reliance Industries: Jamnagar is famous for housing the world’s largest oil refinery complex, operated by Reliance Industries. The complex includes the Jamnagar Refinery and the Jamnagar Petrochemical Complex. It is a significant contributor to India’s petroleum refining capacity and plays a crucial role in the country’s energy sector.
  • Lakhota Fort: The Lakhota Fort is a historical fort situated in the center of Jamnagar. It is surrounded by the tranquil waters of the Lakhota Lake and is a popular tourist attraction. The fort houses a museum showcasing artifacts related to the region’s history, including paintings, sculptures, and weaponry.
  • Marine National Park: Jamnagar is the gateway to the Marine National Park, located in the Gulf of Kutch. The park is known for its rich marine biodiversity, coral reefs, and rare marine species. It offers opportunities for boating, snorkeling, and underwater exploration.
  • Bala Hanuman Temple: The Bala Hanuman Temple in Jamnagar is famous for its continuous chanting of the “Sri Ram, Jai Ram, Jai Jai Ram” mantra since 1964. The temple is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records for the non-stop chanting, which has gained it widespread recognition.
  • Bandhani Textiles: Jamnagar is renowned for its traditional Bandhani textiles, which are intricately tie-dyed fabrics. Bandhani is a popular form of textile art in the region, and the markets of Jamnagar offer a wide variety of vibrant Bandhani sarees, dress materials, and turbans.
  • Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary: Located on the outskirts of Jamnagar, the Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary is a haven for bird enthusiasts. It is home to a diverse range of migratory and resident bird species, including flamingos, pelicans, and cranes. The sanctuary also has a large freshwater lake and marshland, providing a natural habitat for various flora and fauna.
  • Jamnagar Municipal Corporation: The Jamnagar Municipal Corporation is responsible for the administration and development of the city. It focuses on urban planning, infrastructure development, and providing civic amenities to the residents.
  • Jamnagar’s significance in the oil industry, historical landmarks, ecological attractions, and cultural heritage make it an important city in Gujarat. The city’s blend of industrial growth, natural beauty, and religious sites offers a unique experience to visitors and showcases the diverse aspects of the region.

7. Junagadh: Junagadh is the seventh-largest city in Gujarat, with a population of over 500,000. It is famous for its historical monuments, including the Uparkot Fort and the ancient Buddhist caves of Khapra Kodiya. The city is also a gateway to Gir National Park, the last abode of the Asiatic lions.

  • Here are some key points about Junagadh:
  • Historical Significance: Junagadh has a rich historical background and was an important center during various periods of Indian history. The city has witnessed the rule of different dynasties, including the Mauryas, Guptas, Chudasamas, and Mughals. It is known for its historical monuments, temples, and ancient fortifications.
  • Junagadh Fort: The Junagadh Fort, also known as Uparkot Fort, is a major attraction in the city. It is believed to have been built during the Mauryan period and offers panoramic views of the surrounding area. The fort houses several temples, step wells, and other architectural marvels.
  • Gir National Park: Junagadh is located close to the Gir National Park, the only natural habitat of the Asiatic lions in the world. The park is renowned for its wildlife, including the majestic lions, as well as various other animal and bird species. It offers wildlife safaris and eco-tourism experiences.
  • Mahabat Maqbara: The Mahabat Maqbara is a magnificent mausoleum in Junagadh, known for its intricate architecture and splendid craftsmanship. It is an impressive blend of Indo-Islamic and European architectural styles and serves as a testament to the artistic brilliance of the bygone era.
  • Somnath Temple: Junagadh is located in close proximity to the famous Somnath Temple, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is an important pilgrimage site and attracts devotees from all over the country.
  • Ashoka’s Rock Edicts: Junagadh is known for the presence of Ashoka’s Rock Edicts, ancient inscriptions engraved by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. These edicts provide valuable insights into Ashoka’s principles and philosophy and serve as historical landmarks.
  • Girnar Hill: Junagadh is nestled at the foothills of Girnar, a sacred hill known for its religious significance. It is a popular pilgrimage site and is believed to be associated with Lord Dattatreya, a Hindu deity. Climbing up the steps of Girnar is considered a spiritual journey for devotees.
  • Junagadh’s historical heritage, wildlife conservation efforts, and religious importance make it a captivating city in Gujarat. The city’s architectural marvels, natural beauty, and cultural significance provide a unique experience for visitors, showcasing the rich tapestry of the region’s history and spirituality.

8. Gandhinagar: Gandhinagar is the capital city of Gujarat and the eighth-largest city in the state, with a population of over 345,000. It is known for its well-planned layout, wide roads, and the presence of numerous government offices and institutions. Gandhinagar is also home to the famous Akshardham temple.

  • Gandhinagar is the capital city of the state of Gujarat, India. It is located approximately 23 kilometers north of the city of Ahmedabad. Gandhinagar is known for its well-planned layout, government institutions, and educational centers.
    Here are some key points about Gandhinagar:
  • Planned City: Gandhinagar is renowned for its well-planned urban layout, designed by architect H.K. Mewada. The city follows a grid pattern with wide roads, ample green spaces, and organized sectors. The city’s planning focuses on maintaining a balance between urban development and environmental conservation.
  • Seat of Government: As the capital city of Gujarat, Gandhinagar is home to various government institutions, including the Gujarat Legislative Assembly, the Gujarat Secretariat, and the offices of government departments. It serves as the administrative center of the state, housing key administrative offices and providing a hub for governance and decision-making.
  • Akshardham Temple: Gandhinagar is famous for the Akshardham Temple, a magnificent Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Swaminarayan. The temple complex showcases intricate carvings, exhibitions on Indian culture and spirituality, and a tranquil environment for meditation and prayer. It attracts a large number of devotees and tourists.
  • Educational Hub: Gandhinagar is known for its educational institutions and research centers. It is home to prestigious institutions such as the Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar (IITGN), the National Institute of Design (NID), and the Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU). These institutions contribute to the academic and research landscape of the city.
  • Mahatma Mandir: Mahatma Mandir is a convention and exhibition center located in Gandhinagar. It serves as a venue for large-scale events, conferences, and exhibitions. The complex also houses a museum dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi, showcasing his life, teachings, and contributions to India’s freedom struggle.
  • Sarita Udyan: Sarita Udyan is a picturesque garden located on the banks of the Sabarmati River in Gandhinagar. It offers a serene environment with lush greenery, walking paths, and boating facilities. The garden provides a recreational space for residents and visitors to relax and enjoy nature.
  • Eco-Tourism: Gandhinagar is surrounded by scenic areas that offer opportunities for eco-tourism. Nearby attractions include the Indroda Nature Park, which houses a fossil park, botanical garden, and a zoo, and the Sarita Udhyan Upvan, a conservation area for flora and fauna.
  • Gandhinagar’s status as the capital city, its planned urban layout, and its focus on education and governance make it an important center in Gujarat. The city’s combination of modern infrastructure, cultural heritage, and commitment to environmental sustainability creates a unique and harmonious living environment for its residents.

9. Anand: Anand is the ninth-largest city in Gujarat, with a population of over 250,000. It is an important educational and industrial center, particularly for dairy farming and milk production. Anand is known as the Milk Capital of India and is home to the renowned Amul Dairy.

  • Anand is a city located in the Anand district of Gujarat, India. It is situated in the central part of Gujarat and is known as the “Milk Capital of India” due to its significant contribution to the dairy industry.
  • Here are some key points about Anand:
  • Amul Dairy: Anand is synonymous with the famous Amul Dairy, which has its headquarters in the city. Amul is a renowned cooperative dairy brand known for its milk products and its role in empowering farmers through the cooperative movement. The Amul cooperative model has been highly successful and serves as an inspiration worldwide.
  • Milk Revolution: Anand played a pivotal role in India’s White Revolution or Operation Flood, a nationwide dairy development program that transformed India into the largest milk-producing country in the world. The cooperative movement initiated in Anand led to the establishment of numerous dairy cooperatives across Gujarat and India, empowering farmers and improving their livelihoods.
  • Anand Agricultural University: Anand is home to the prestigious Anand Agricultural University, which specializes in agricultural education, research, and extension services. The university offers undergraduate and postgraduate programs in agriculture, veterinary science, dairy science, and other related fields.
  • Educational Institutions: Anand boasts several educational institutions, including schools, colleges, and professional institutes. It is known for its focus on education and has contributed significantly to the intellectual capital of the region.
  • Sardar Patel University: Located in nearby Vallabh Vidyanagar, Sardar Patel University is a prominent university known for its academic programs in various disciplines. The university attracts students from across the country and offers a vibrant campus environment.
  • Vallabh Vidyanagar: Vallabh Vidyanagar is a town adjacent to Anand, primarily known for its educational institutions. It is often referred to as the “Oxford of Gujarat” due to the concentration of educational establishments and the academic atmosphere it offers.
  • Swami Narayan Mandir: Anand is home to the Swami Narayan Mandir, a grand temple dedicated to Lord Swaminarayan. The temple showcases exquisite architecture, intricate carvings, and beautifully maintained gardens, attracting devotees and visitors.
  • Sojitra: Sojitra, a small town near Anand, is famous for its traditional pottery and handicrafts. The artisans of Sojitra create a variety of clay and terracotta products, including decorative items and kitchenware, showcasing their artistic skills.
  • Anand’s association with the dairy industry, its renowned educational institutions, and its cultural and religious landmarks make it a significant city in Gujarat. The city’s pioneering efforts in the dairy sector, along with its focus on education and cultural heritage, have contributed to its growth and prominence.

10. Nadiad: Nadiad is the tenth-largest city in Gujarat, with a population of over 225,000. It is a commercial and educational hub known for its universities, colleges, and industrial growth.

  • Nadiad is a city located in the Kheda district of Gujarat, India. It is situated in the central part of Gujarat and is known for its historical and cultural significance.
  • Here are some key points about Nadiad:
  • Historical Significance: Nadiad has a rich historical heritage and is believed to have been founded by the Yadavas of Saurashtra in the 8th century. The city has witnessed the rule of various dynasties, including the Solankis, Vaghelas, and Mughals. It has historical sites that reflect its past glory.
  • Santram Mandir: Santram Mandir is a famous temple located in Nadiad dedicated to Lord Rama. It is a prominent religious site and attracts devotees from far and wide. The temple complex also includes other shrines dedicated to various Hindu deities.
  • Educational Hub: Nadiad is known for its educational institutions. It is home to institutions like Dharamsinh Desai University, known for its engineering and management programs, and Nadiad Medical College, offering medical education. The city has a strong emphasis on education and provides opportunities for higher learning.
  • Cultural Heritage: Nadiad has a vibrant cultural scene with a rich tradition of folk music, dance, and theater. The city celebrates various festivals with great enthusiasm, including Navratri, Diwali, and Holi, showcasing the cultural diversity and traditions of Gujarat.
  • Institutes of Music and Dance: Nadiad is known for its institutes dedicated to music and dance. The Sangeet Bhavan and Sangeet Vidyalaya in Nadiad have played a crucial role in preserving and promoting traditional Indian classical music and dance forms.
  • Historical Monuments: Nadiad is home to several historical monuments that reflect its architectural heritage. The historic stepwell called Shri Taliya Talav is a notable attraction, known for its intricate carvings and architectural beauty.
  • Business and Commerce: Nadiad is a commercial center for the surrounding agricultural region. It is known for its agricultural produce, including tobacco, cotton, and grains. The city also has a bustling market where locals and farmers gather to trade and sell their goods.
  • Transport Hub: Nadiad is well-connected through road and rail networks. The city has a railway station that serves as a major transportation hub, facilitating travel to various parts of Gujarat and beyond.
  • Nadiad’s historical legacy, religious sites, educational institutions, and cultural heritage make it a significant city in Gujarat. The city’s blend of traditional values, academic pursuits, and economic activities creates a dynamic and lively environment for its residents and visitors.
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